Saturday, 20 March 2010

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) or "Beautiful Indonesia Miniature Park" (literally translated) is a culture-based recreational area located in East Jakarta, Indonesia. It has an area of about 250 acres. The park is a synopsis of Indonesian culture, with virtually all aspects of daily life in Indonesia's 26 (in 1975) provinces encapsulated in separate pavilions with the collections of architecture, clothing, dances and traditions are all depicted impeccably. Apart from that, there is a lake with a miniature of the archipelago in the middle of it, cable cars, museums, a theater called the Theatre of My Homeland (Theater Tanah Airku) and other recreational facilities which make TMII one of the most popular tourist destinations in the city.


Nitra, the mascot of TMII

This idea to build the smaller scale of Indonesia was originally came from former Indonesian first lady, Siti Hartinah or best-known as Tien Suharto. The idea came out at a convention on 8 Cendana Street at March 13, 1970. Through this recreational site, she hoped more Indonesian people will have more national pride than before. The project called "Indonesian Miniature Project" was started by Harapan Kita Foundation in 1972. The concept of this culture-based recreational area was taken from the fact that Indonesia has unparalled richness and diversity from many different aspects.


TMII was originally located on a public area of 145 ha, as farms and fields. Later, the team was able to convert these fields into a suitable location for the construction. The topography of TMII is rather hilly, consistent with what the builders required. The team claimed the advantage of utilizing this uneven terrain was the ability to create interesting and diverse landscapes and enclosures, as well as reflecting the various characteristics of the Indonesian environment.

Parts of TMII

Venues of Indonesian Provinces

Venues of Indonesian Provinces

The miniature of Indonesian Archipelago in the center lake viewed from the cable car.
West Sumatra pavilion in TMII.

Since each Indonesian province maintains its own unique and distinct cultures, shelters, attire and dialects, TMII built a model of each of the houses from Indonesian provinces. TMII attempted not only to reconstruct the homes of the various provinces, but also to create a realistic model of the environment and shelters of the various people of Indonesia. The venues, which are situated around the main lake in a similar fashion to the different islands of the Indonesian archipelago, are thematically divided into six areas in respect to the main islands of Indonesia; Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku and Papua.

Since 1975 until 2000s, the original design of TMII consist of a model of the houses from the 27 provinces of Indonesia, including East Timor. But after the secession of East Timor from Indonesia in 2002, the East Timor pavilion changed its status to become the Museum of East Timor. Also since Indonesia now consist of 33 provinces, currently the new province pavilions of Bangka Belitung, Banten, West Sulawesi, North Maluku, Gorontalo, and West Papua is being built in northeast part of the park.

After the recognition of Indonesian Chinese culture as the integral part of Indonesian culture in 2000. the new Indonesian Chinese pavilion and a Confucian temple is currently being built within the park.

Religious Buildings

The religious buildings of several official faiths is meant to showcase the inter-faiths tolerance and religious harmony of Indonesia. The religious buildings are:

Gardens and Parks

There are about ten gardens spread within TMII complex, but most are located primarily on the north and northeast side of the main lake:


The Balinese style Indonesia Museum.

There are fourteen museums at TMII:

  • Indonesia Museum
  • Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum
  • Soldier Museum
  • Indonesian stamps Museum
  • Pusaka (Heirloom) Museum
  • Transportation Museum
  • Electricity & New Energy Museum
  • Telecomunication Museum
  • Penerangan Museum
  • Sports Museum
  • Asmat Museum
  • Komodo Zoological Museum and Reptile Park
  • Insects Museum
  • Research & Technology Information Centre
  • Oil & Gas Museum
  • East Timor Museum (former East Timor province pavilion)

[edit] Theatres

  • Keong Emas (Golden Snail) Imax Theater
  • Tanah Airku Theater
  • 4D Theater

Monuments, Halls, Buildings and other Exhibits

  • Kala Makara main gates
  • Flower clock
  • Tugu Api Pancasila, the main monument, an obelisk celebrating Pancasila
  • Baluwerti, a twin gate with relief of Indonesian history on its wall
  • Pendopo Agung Sasono Utomo (Grand Hall), the main building in Javanese Joglo style
  • Sasono Utomo, exhibition hall
  • Sasono Langen Budoyo, indoor stage and theater
  • Sasono Manganti
  • Sasana Kriya handycraft center
  • Park Management Office
  • Cokot Sculpture, a display of wooden sculptures by Cokot, a famous Balinese artist
  • The Miniature of Borobudur
  • APEC Memorial Monument and Garden
  • Non Alignment Nations Friendship Monument and Garden
  • The Miniature of Indonesian Archipelago on central lake
  • Indonesian Archipelago Plaza and Stage
  • Jati Taminah, a remnant of a large teak tree
  • Kayu Gede (large wood), the display of large tree trunk


  • Skylift Indonesia cable car
  • Aeromovel Indonesia, a wind powered monorail
  • Mini train around the park
  • Swan boat on Indonesian archipelago lake
  • Swan paddle boat on Indonesian archipelago lake
  • Bicycle rent ride
  • Car ride around the area

Recreation facilities

  • Istana Anak-Anak Indonesia (The Castle of Indonesian Children)
  • Taman Among Putro kiddy rides park
  • Desa Seni dan Kerajinan handycraft center
  • Rare books market
  • Snowbay Waterpark swimmingpool
  • Telaga Mina fishing pond
  • Warna Alam outbound camp
  • Desa Wisata hostel
  • Graha Wisata Remaja youth hostel
  • Caping Gunung restaurant

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